Signs and Symptoms

Dyslipidemia itself usually causes no symptoms.1

  • Serum lipid levels should be monitored regularly.2,3
  • Refer to the diagnostic tools section for more details.

Dyslipidemia can increase the risk of coronary artery disease (CAD) and peripheral arterial disease.4

  • Symptoms of CAD include angina and dyspnoea.
  • Symptoms of peripheral arterial disease include intermittent claudication (pain, numbness, aching, or heaviness in the leg muscles during movement and/or cramping in the legs, buttocks, thighs, calves, or feet).6
  • However, both conditions may also be asymptomatic.5,6
     

Very high levels of triglycerides (>11.29 mmol/L [>1000 mg/dL]) are a known but rare cause of pancreatitis in the general population.7

  • The initial sign of acute pancreatitis is gradual or sudden pain in the upper abdomen that sometimes extends through to the back.8
  • Other symptoms may include a swollen and tender abdomen, nausea and vomiting, fever, and tachycardia.8
     

References

  1. American Heart Association. Symptoms, Diagnosis & Monitoring of High Cholesterol. Accessed 4 October 2011.
  2. Dubé MP, Stein JH, Aberg JA, et al. Guidelines for the Evaluation and Management of Dyslipidemia in Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)–Infected Adults Receiving Antiretroviral Therapy: Recommendations of the HIV Medicine Association of the Infectious Disease Society of America and the Adult AIDS Clinical Trials Group. Clin Infect Dis. 2003;37:613–627.
  3. European AIDS Clinical Society (EACS) Guidelines. Version 6.0. Accessed 3 July 2012.
  4. The Hormone Foundation. Dyslipidemia. Acessed 4 October 2011.
  5. US Department of Health and Human Services, National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute. Coronary artery disease. Accessed 5 August 2011.
  6. US Department of Health and Human Services, National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute. Peripheral artery disease. Accessed 5 August 2011.
  7. Yadav D, Pitchumoni CS. Issues in hyperlipidemic pancreatitis. J Clin Gastroenterol. 2003;36(1):54-62.
  8. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases. National Digestive Disease Clearing House: Pancreatitis. Accessed 5 August 2011.