Glossary

Framingham risk tool

a calculation-based tool for assessing a patient’s 10-year risk of cardiovascular disease

HDL-c

cholesterol that is associated with high-density lipoprotein: the smallest of the lipoproteins that transports lipids within the bloodstream

HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors

a class of pharmacological agents that may be used to lower elevated cholesterol by inhibiting the enzyme HMG-CoA reductase (also known as statins)

Hyperlipidemia

an increase in the concentrations of cholesterol and/or triglycerides in the blood

Hypogonadism

a condition that occurs when the sex glands produce little or no hormones

Hypothyroidism

a disorder occurring when the thyroid gland does not make enough thyroid hormone

LDL-c

cholesterol that is associated with low-density lipoprotein for transport within the bloodstream