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Key resources


Key Publications

Hypertension and the impact of HIV or antiretroviral therapy

  1. Baekken M, Os I, Sandvik L, Oektedalen O. Hypertension in an urban HIV-positive population compared with the general population: influence of combination antiretroviral therapy. J Hypertens. 2008;26:2126–2133.
  2. Crane HM, Van Rompaey SE, Kitahata MM. Antiretroviral medications associated with elevated blood pressure among patients receiving highly active antiretroviral therapy. AIDS. 2006;20:1019–1026.
  3. Manner IW, Baekken M, Oektedalen O, et al. Effect of HIV duration on ambulatory blood pressure in HIV-infected individuals with high office blood pressure. Blood Press. 2010;19:188–195.
  4. Seaberg EC, Muñoz A, Lu M, et al. Association between highly active antiretroviral therapy and hypertension in a large cohort of men followed from 1984 to 2003. AIDS. 2005;19:953–960.

Other predictors and risk factors for hypertension in HIV-infected patients

  1. Thiébaut R, El-Sadr WM, Friis-Møller N, et al. Predictors of hypertension and changes of blood pressure in HIV-infected patients. Antivir Ther. 2005;10:811–823.
  2. Gazzaruso C, Bruno R, Garzaniti A, et al. Hypertension among HIV patients: prevalence and relationships to insulin resistance and metabolic syndrome. J Hypertens. 2003;21:1377–1382.
  3. Khalsa A, Karim R, Mack WJ, et al. Correlates of prevalent hypertension in a large cohort of HIV-infected women: Women's Interagency HIV Study. AIDS. 2007;21:2539–2541.
  4. Jericó C, Knobel H, Montero M, et al. Hypertension in HIV-infected patients: prevalence and related factors. Am J Hypertens. 2005;18:1396–1401.

Complications of hypertension in HIV-infected patients

  1. Jung O, Bickel M, Ditting T, et al. Hypertension in HIV-1-infected patients and its impact on renal and cardiovascular integrity. Nephrol Dial Transplant. 2004;19:2250–2258.

Blood pressure patterns and monitoring

  1. Agarwal R, Bills JE, Hecht TJ, et al. Role of home blood pressure monitoring in overcoming therapeutic inertia and improving hypertension control: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Hypertension. 2011;57:29–38.
  2. Baekken M, Os I, Stenehjem A, et al. Association between HIV infection and attenuated diurnal blood pressure rhythm in untreated hypertensive individuals. HIV Med. 2009;10:44–52.