Fractures and their complications are the most relevant clinical sequela of osteoporosis. Osteoporosis may also be associated with joint pain and bone pain (osteomyalgia).
Osteoporosis-related fractures have a heavy social and economic burden, and can markedly affect a person’s functional status, putting a strain on interpersonal relationships and social roles. Individuals that are immobile are at risk of complications such as pressures sores, pneumonia and urinary tract infections. Hip fractures are associated with a 2.5-fold increased risk of future fractures.1
As well as interfering with activities of daily living, some fractures can have specific complications:
|Type of fracture||Complications|
Kyphosis (commonly known as ‘Dowager’s hump’)
|Multiple thoracic||Restrictive lung disease|