The Thromboembolic disease occurs when a blood clot forms on one or more deep veins in your body. It mostly occurs on the leg and can manifest itself in the form of swelling. At times it can even occur with no symptoms. The primary causes of the Thromboembolic disease is a couple of medical conditions that affect the way blood clots. Another primary cause of the Thromboembolic disease is when you don’t move for a long time, especially during bed rest after an accident or surgery.
Thromboembolic disease is a severe disorder and needs to be addressed immediately. This is because if not dealt with, it can lead to serious health conditions. For instance, the blood clots in your veins can break loose and thus travel through your bloodstream to the lungs, causing pulmonary embolism.
What Are The Warning Signs and Symptoms?
The thromboembolic disease mostly affects areas around the lower leg and thigh. It can occur on one side or the other at a time. The clot may bring about the following warning signs.
1. Tenderness or pain around the thigh or leg area.
2. The leg may swell.
3. That part of the skin may be a bit warm when touched.
4. You may observe red streaks or discolouration.
In instances where the blood clot breaks loose and moves up to the lungs, the following signs may be noticed.
1. You may experience trouble breathing.
2. Your breathing rate can increase.
3. When taking deep breaths, you may feel pain below the rib cage. This chest pain can also occur on its own.
4. Due to the insufficient supply of oxygen in the brain, you may feel lightheaded or dizzy.
5. Your heart rate may also be rapid.
The above five signs when felt, one should seek emergency health care.
Thromboembolic Disease The Diagnosis
The thromboembolic disease can be diagnosed in a variety of ways. On arrival at the hospital, blood work may be conducted. A D-dimer test can also be carried out to determine if there is any clot in the blood. It can also be diagnosed by taking of an ultrasound on the leg. This helps show the presence of clots on the deep veins.
If the physician thinks that the clot may have moved up to your lungs, then he may ask you to undergo a lung scan. These tests help see if there is the presence of clots on arteries in the lungs.
Thromboembolic Disease Treatment
Your doctor will help pick the ideal form of treatment depending on your health history and conditions. He might prescribe Thromboembolic disease medication such as anticoagulant drugs. Which prevent further clot deposition and lyses the existing clot.
The doctor might recommend Thromboembolic therapy which entails mechanical methods of Prophylaxis. This is also an excellent method of preventing Thromboembolic disease. For severe cases of Thromboembolism, surgery can be recommended to remove the clot.
The Thromboembolic disease can be treated. If you notice any warning signs, seek medical help as soon as possible. It can be prevented by making lifestyle changes such as losing weight and quitting smoking. Also, make a habit of exercising frequently.