Signs and Symptoms
Dyslipidemia itself usually causes no symptoms.1
- Serum lipid levels should be monitored regularly.2,3
- Refer to the diagnostic tools section for more details.
Dyslipidemia can increase the risk of coronary artery disease (CAD) and peripheral arterial disease.4
- Symptoms of CAD include angina and dyspnoea.5
- Symptoms of peripheral arterial disease include intermittent claudication (pain, numbness, aching, or heaviness in the leg muscles during movement and/or cramping in the legs, buttocks, thighs, calves, or feet).6
However, both conditions may also be asymptomatic.5,6
Very high levels of triglycerides (>11.29 mmol/L [>1000 mg/dL]) are a known but rare cause of pancreatitis in the general population.7
- The initial sign of acute pancreatitis is gradual or sudden pain in the upper abdomen that sometimes extends through to the back.8
Other symptoms may include a swollen and tender abdomen, nausea and vomiting, fever, and tachycardia.8
- American Heart Association. Symptoms, Diagnosis & Monitoring of High Cholesterol. Accessed 4 October 2011.
- Dubé MP, Stein JH, Aberg JA, et al. Guidelines for the Evaluation and Management of Dyslipidemia in Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)–Infected Adults Receiving Antiretroviral Therapy: Recommendations of the HIV Medicine Association of the Infectious Disease Society of America and the Adult AIDS Clinical Trials Group. Clin Infect Dis. 2003;37:613–627.
- European AIDS Clinical Society (EACS) Guidelines. Version 6.0. Accessed 3 July 2012.
- The Hormone Foundation. Dyslipidemia. Acessed 4 October 2011.
- US Department of Health and Human Services, National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute. Coronary artery disease. Accessed 5 August 2011.
- US Department of Health and Human Services, National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute. Peripheral artery disease. Accessed 5 August 2011.
- Yadav D, Pitchumoni CS. Issues in hyperlipidemic pancreatitis. J Clin Gastroenterol. 2003;36(1):54-62.
National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases. National Digestive Disease Clearing House: Pancreatitis. Accessed 5 August 2011.